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Desert Rose by Jean Nouvel

Desert Rose Architecture by Jean Nouvel
National Museum of Qatar in Doha. Architect – Jean Nouvel. Photo by Tijana.


I was riding in a taxi when I first laid my eyes on the National Museum of Qatar. The locals affectionately call Jean Nouvel’s magnificent architecture the Desert Rose. The structure felt like a mirage. So unusual, futuristic, yet somehow very organic. Its form evokes the desert – endless, timeless and silent with dimension, but also enhanced with modern ingenuity. The museum has that captivating je ne sais quoi quality that pulls you in, regardless if you didn’t know anything about it. For me, it was an architectural treat.

Desert Rose Architecture detail in Qatar By Jean Nouvel
Marvelous origami like structure. Photo by Tijana.



“It’s not totally crazy. It just seems crazy.” Jean Nouvel, the Pritzker Prize–winning French architect, is describing the system he used to build the National Museum of Qatar. Made of 250,000 different steel elements bolted together in curving sections and covered in glass fiber–reinforced concrete, the building sprawls like scattered, overlapping petals at the edge of the Persian Gulf.

Elle Decor
Jean Nouvel Architecture detail in Doha
Jean Nouvel. Details. Photo by Tijana.

Jean Nouvel

Jean Nouvel is a world-renown French architect and the recipient of the prestigious Pritzker Prize. Per his website, Jean Nouvel’s work does not result from considerations of style or ideology. Instead, his focus comes from a quest to create a unique concept for a singular combination of people, place and time. His contextual approach and ability to infuse a genuine uniqueness into all his projects have consistently yielded buildings that transform their environments. His architecture imprints an indelible mark on the cities in which they are built.

Jean Nouvel Desert Rose 

STOW London Namib Bag in orange
Looking at the sculpture at the National Museum of Qatar.


Exhibition at the National Museum of Qatar

The National Museum is an impressive tribute, encapsulation, and a fascinating story about Qatar’s past and present. Everything inside and outside is the color of the sand. First, you uncover the earliest history and natural world of Qatar. Beginning with the formation of the peninsula millions of years ago to the arrival of the first settlers. The second part focuses on the life in Qatar told by its people through poetry, song, and objects they crafted and traded. In the last chapter, you learn how Qatar became the nation we know today.

Interior of Desert Rose by Jean Nouvel
The fascinating history of Qatar through the time, presented by stunning videos. Photo by Tijana.


Inside, the series marvelous films immerse spectators in glimpses of different aspects of Qatar’s history. Since the interior walls are not straight, they emit a soft enveloping feeling. For hours, I gazed as the incredible film on the walls blended with the exhibition about a fisherman in Qatar. It was absolutely mesmerizing. Falcons and camels in the vast desert are so captivating. For a moment, you feel like you are there. The futuristic element of the museum is how it is conceived and curated, particularly through impressive technological advances. 

Inside the National Museum of Qatar
Qatari family visiting museums interactive exhibition about Qatari heritage. Photo by Tijana.

Video installation about the national bird of Qatar - the falcon
Tijana watching the video projection about falcons. The falcons are some of the fastest birds in the world and the national bird of Qatar.

Exhibitions at the National Museum of Qatar, inside the Desert Rose by Jean Nouvel
An exquisite exhibition at the National Museum of Qatar. Photo by Tijana.



Jean Nouvel’s Desert Rose Inspiration

Close up of Gypsum Mineral
Gypsum mineral is informally called desert rose. Photo by Tijana.


Jean Nouvel wanted to honor the rich history and local materials within the Doha museum. Desert Rose is the informal name given to rose-like formations of crystal clusters of Gypsum or Baryte. To illustrate, they include abundant sand grains that create petal-like structures. The ‘petals’ are flattened crystals fanning open in radiating clusters, resembling a rose. The desert rose formation was Nouvel’s inspiration for the museum architecture. I loved that idea. It’s such a complex realization; but once the idea took hold, it was the matter of how they will achieve this concept. That act of creation must’ve felt amazing to freely design this marvelous museum.

Jean Nouvel Architecture in Qatar
Nouvel’s Desert Rose. Photo by Tijana.


There is something soothing in the interior, with its simple clean lines and curved surfaces. The artifacts and videos are masterfully presented and eloquently executed. All at once, it creates a sense of organic harmony.

One afternoon was not enough to explore it all. However, you do get a sense of place and delight in the artistic presentation and magnificent architecture.

For me, architecture is all about a feeling within a space. Moreover, I am interested in the architect’s thought process to achieve aesthetic beauty and functionality. I savored the outside of Jean Nouvel’s building and took time to experience it slowly before I went inside. Altogether, I was elated to make this precious architectural detour to Qatar.

Alcove in the Desert Rose in Doha by Jean Nouvel
At the end of the day, you just want to sit and soak it all in. Photo by Tijana.



Insider Tips for Doha Museums

I got a Museum Pass. The Pass is QAR 100 and permits admission to all museums and venues. It’s valid for three consecutive days from the date of the first admission. Also, there are free transfer buses between the multiple museums. You can get a pass at any museum. So, if you plan to go see two or more of Qatar’s first-class museums by world-renowned architects, this is a great way to do it.

Nevertheless, there is a lovely Desert Rose Café at the museum I highly recommend. The menu had a mix of local and international dishes. The Desert Rose coffee came with edible flowers that were absolutely amazing.

Qatar Airlines also has a great stopover program for 1-4 days. If you have a long connecting flight through Doha, take the chance to see these amazing museums.

National Museum of Qatar is the latest addition to Doha’s Museums. Areal of Desert Rose. It was impossible to photograph the whole museum from the ground. Photo courtesy of Jean Nouvel’s website.


Dear reader, for more fascinating art in Qatar, check out Richard Serra’s East-West/West-East.

Where Is It?

8 comments

  • Pekka

    It is quite an unbelievable place, does it look the same in real as in photos?

    • zestandcuriosity (author)

      It looks exactly like that, very surreal. Doha’s architecture has a lot of white and sand colors so by color it blends in, but the shape is so unique that commands attention. It also feels like an another planet, yet it belongs there. Marvelous architecture. So wonderful to explore. Thank you for your comment.

  • ReProgram

    Awesome post! Keep up the great work! 🙂

    • zestandcuriosity (author)

      Thank you so much. I am glad that you enjoyed it.

  • svetislav

    praise for the design of the object.copy of natural ….Dessert Rose !

    • zestandcuriosity (author)

      What a wonderful comment Svetislav. Yes, it is fascinating how idea was born, and even more how it was executed. It is a massive space, very complex – yet absolutely enchanting. Qatar was amazing to see for the architecture. No dream is to small and they get the best of the best. It is wonderful to see what people create given creative freedom, in a context of the space. It is so beautiful.

  • Ivana

    it is quite something. Like a fully realized dream.

    • zestandcuriosity (author)

      Yes, it had that dreamlike quality, and bravado! Imagine that idea, and to make it all happen. It is such a wonderful place to explore and enjoy.

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